Skip to content
Back

Evidence finder

Patient Type
Adult
Condition
Amputee
Evidence

Improves balance and balance confidence

Improves cardiopulmonary function

Improves lower limb strength

Improves physical function

Improves quality of life

Improves self esteem

Living an active life reduces your risk of getting many common diseases

Reduces back pain

Reduces morbidity and mortality

Reduces risk of falls

Anxiety
Evidence

Can reduce anxiety symptoms in the non-clinical population

Exercising in nature can help reduce anxiety

Improves Quality of life

Improves anxiety symptoms

Increases energy levels and reduces fatigue.

Living an active life reduces your risk of getting many common diseases

Mindful exercise may reduce anxiety

Reduces Anxiety in the elderly

Reduces Generalised Anxiety Disorder

Reduces Social Anxiety

Reduces agoraphobia

Reduces risk of developing anxiety

Resistance training can reduce anxiety.

COPD
Evidence

Able to walk further

Decreased co-morbidities

Decreased time in hospital /bad days

Feeling more energetic / Less Fatigued

Improved Quality of Life

Improves Balance/Falls

Improves Mood

Increased Confidence and increased self esteem

Increased Independence

Increased strength

Living an active life reduces your risk of getting many common diseases

Living well for longer

Reduced feeling of breathlessness

Reduced number of exacerbations

Cancer
Evidence

Living an active life reduces your risk of getting many common diseases

Dementia
Evidence

Improve socialisation, reduce loneliness, improve global well-being

Living an active life reduces your risk of getting many common diseases

Prevent frailty, falls and improve mobility

Promoting brain health and reducing risk of dementia and cognitive decline

Reduce stress, reduce anxiety and improve mood

Depression
Evidence

Improves cognition

Improves mood

Improves motivation

Improves self confidence

Improves sleep

Less fatigue and improves energy levels

Living an active life reduces your risk of getting many common diseases

Moderates appetite

Reduces sickness absence in the short-term for mild to moderate depression

Reduces social isolation

Reduces stress level

Falls and Frailty
Evidence

Better balance

Faster walking speed

Improves functional ability

Improves the ability to perform activities of daily living

Increased muscle strength

Living an active life reduces your risk of getting many common diseases

Reduces falls and falls risk

Reduces falls related injuries

Reduces severity and progression of frailty

Hospital Associated Deconditioning
Evidence

Improves muscle strength

Improves the ability to perform day to day activities

Improves walking and movement

Keep the brain and mind working well

Keep the brain and mind working well

Living an active life reduces your risk of getting many common diseases

May increase likelihood of being discharged home

May reduce length of stay in hospital

May reduce risk of delirium

May reduce risk of urinary incontinence

No evidence that causes harm

Inflammatory Rheumatic Disease
Evidence

Enhance mood

Enhances mood

Get a better night’s sleep

Helps manage stiffness

Improve Muscle Strength

Improve your ability to carry out daily activities

Improves Disease activity

Improves disease activity

Improves fatigue

Improves fitness

Improves hand function

Improves lung function

Improves mobility

Improves mood

Improves muscle strength

Improves quality of life

Improves sleep

Keep your neck and back flexible

Living an active life reduces your risk of getting many common diseases

Maintain ability to carry out everyday activities

Manage Fatigue

May increase insulin sensitivity

May reduce cardiovascular risk factors

Reduce pain

Reduces pain

Ischaemic Heart Disease
Evidence

Helps prevent early death and hospital admissions

Helps prevent fatigue and stress

Helps to prevent Development of Heart Failure

Helps to prevent Inflammation within blood vessels

Helps to prevent Risk of a further heart attacks

Improves energy, fitness and quality of life

Improves how effectively your heart beats

Improves the blood flow around the body

Improves the perception of chest pain

Increased blood flow to the heart

Living an active life reduces your risk of getting many common diseases

Lowers risk factors eg Cholesterol, Diabetes, High blood pressure

Makes you live longer

MSK Pain
Evidence

Improves balance

Improves fitness

Improves function

Improves general health

Improves general wellbeing

Improves mental health

Improves physical function

Improves physical function in chronic pain

Improves quality of life

Improves self-efficacy

Living an active life reduces your risk of getting many common diseases

Reduces frequency of painful episodes

Reduces pain

Reduces stiffness

Reduces work absence

Menopause
Evidence

Helps Regulate Weight

Improves Anxiety and Depression

Improves Sleep

Improves muscle tone and decreases body fat

Improves sexual function, urogenital symptoms and vaginal dryness

Living an active life reduces your risk of getting many common diseases

May Improve symptoms of vaginal dryness

May help alleviate joint pain

May reduce the perceived impact of hot flushes

Pelvic floor exercises improve urinary incontinence

Obesity
Evidence

Improves VO2 Max

Can help improve blood sugar levels

Decreases waist circumference

Improves General Fitness

Improves Mental Health

Improves arterial stiffness

Improves asthma control

Improves blood pressure

Improves bone health

Improves bone strength

Improves endothelial function

Improves glycaemic control

Improves lean body mass

Improves lipid profile

Improves lipid profiles

Improves mobility

Improves muscle strength

Improves quality of life

Improves walking ability and independence

Increases VO2 Max

Increases lean body mass

Living an active life reduces your risk of getting many common diseases

May improve mortality

May improve quality of life

No increase in appetite

No increase in inflammation

Reduces Morbidity

Reduces Mortality

Reduces blood pressure

Reduces body fat

Reduces leptin and fetuin A levels

Reduces visceral adiposity

Reduces waist circumference

Reduces weight and BMI

Parkinson’s
Evidence

Can decrease gait freezing

Can reduce muscle fatigue

Can reduce tremor

Improves Quality of Life and the ability to do everyday activities

Improves balance and reduces falls

Improves cardiorespiratory fitness

Improves gait, walking speed and endurance

Improves mood and confidence, reduces anxiety

Improves sleep

Improves strength

Keeps the brain and mind working well

Living an active life reduces your risk of getting many common diseases

May delay progression of Parkinson’s, reduce the need for medications to be started or increased

Physical Activity is safe

Perioperative care
Evidence

Improves functional capacity and cardiopulmonary fitness

Improves mental health and quality of life

Improves post operative recovery and function

Living an active life reduces your risk of getting many common diseases

Post op- reduces post operative complications and length of hospital stay

Reduces cancer mortality and risk of cancer recurrence

Reduces post-operative complications and length of hospital stay

Postnatal
Evidence

Improved blood pressure control and benefits for the cardiovascular system

Improved cardiovascular fitness

Living an active life reduces your risk of getting many common diseases

Pelvic Floor Muscle Exercises

Pregnancy
Evidence

Helps control weight gain

Helps prevent blood pressure problems

Helps prevent diabetes of pregnancy

Helps sleep

Improves fitness

Improves mental wellbeing

Primary Prevention
Evidence

Improves cognitive function

Improves mental health

Improves mood

Live longer

Living an active life reduces your risk of getting many common diseases

Maintains healthy weight

Reduces chance of falls

Stroke
Evidence

Better mobility

Improved Mood

Improved balance

Improved fitness

Living an active life reduces your risk of getting many common diseases

Reduced risk of further stroke

Type 1 Diabetes
Evidence

Decreases cholesterol, lipids and triglycerides

Decreases insulin use

Exercise improves glucose levels

Improved insulin resistance

Improves HbA1c

Improves cardiorespiratory fitness and VO2

Improves general fitness

Improves physical fitness

Interrupted sitting improves glucose levels

Living an active life reduces your risk of getting many common diseases

No effect on BMI or blood pressure

Prolongs the honeymoon period

Reduces all-cause mortality

There is an increased risk of hypo/hyper - glycaemic episodes post exercise

Type 2 Diabetes
Evidence

Empowers people to feel in control

Improves blood pressure

Improves general fitness

Improves glycaemic control

Improves life expectancy

Living an active life reduces your risk of getting many common diseases

Reduces need for medications

Reduces risk of cardiovascular complications

Reduces risk of diabetic complications

Child
Condition
Asthma
Evidence

Enjoyment of exercise

Improvement in peak flow readings

Improves quality of life

Improving physical and cardiovascular fitness

Improving strength

No worsening of symptoms

Reducing asthma symptoms

Reducing breathlessness and perceived effort during physical activity

Reducing inflammatory blood markers

Weight loss

Cancer
Evidence

Decreased fatigue

Helps body composition

Helps depression

Helps lymphoedema

Helps restore wellbeing

Improved psychological health

Improvement in Cardio-pulmonary fitness

Improvement in body composition and BMI

Improvement in musculoskeletal health

Improvement in quality of life

Improves cancer-related fatigue

Improves cardiorespiratory fitness

Improves cognitive function

Improves menopausal symptoms

Improves physical function

Improves quality of life

Improves sleep quality

Physical activity has been shown to reduce the length of hospital stay in cancer patients

Reduces post-operative complications

Diabetes
Evidence

Helps improve diabetes control (reduces HbA1C)

Improves body composition

Improves bone mineral density

Improves cardiovascular fitness and reduces overall mortality

Improves lipid profile

Reduces amount of insulin needed (improves insulin sensitivity)

Reduces risk of hypoglycaemia, particularly severe hypoglycaemia

Epilepsy
Evidence

Improve growth and bone mass

Improves mental well-being

Improves psychosocial health in children

Mental Health
Evidence

Exercise can be an effective treatment option for adolescents diagnosed with depression.

Higher levels of sport and physical activity and lower levels of sedentary activity are associated with fewer symptoms of depression in the future

Physical activity can improve body image for children and adolescents

Physical activity can improve self-esteem for children and adolescents

Physical activity can reduce symptoms of anxiety for children and adolescents

Physical activity to improve school life satisfaction

Symptoms of depression are often in lower in children and adolescents who are more physically active

Obesity
Evidence

Improved biochemical markers

Improved body composition

Improved bone health

Improved cardiovascular health

Improved cognitive health

Improved mental health

Young Person
Condition
Asthma
Evidence

Enjoyment of exercise

Improvement in peak flow readings

Improves quality of life

Improving physical and cardiovascular fitness

Improving strength

No worsening of symptoms

Reducing asthma symptoms

Reducing breathlessness and perceived effort during physical activity

Reducing inflammatory blood markers

Weight loss

Cancer
Evidence

Decreased fatigue

Helps anxiety

Helps body composition

Helps depression

Helps lymphoedema

Helps restore wellbeing

Improved psychological health

Improvement in Cardio-pulmonary fitness

Improvement in body composition and BMI

Improvement in musculoskeletal health

Improvement in quality of life

Improves cancer-related fatigue

Improves cardiorespiratory fitness

Improves cognitive function

Improves menopausal symptoms

Improves physical function

Improves quality of life

Improves sleep quality

Physical activity has been shown to reduce the length of hospital stay in cancer patients

Reduces post-operative complications

Diabetes
Evidence

Helps improve diabetes control (reduces HbA1C)

Improves body composition

Improves bone mineral density

Improves cardiovascular fitness and reduces overall mortality

Improves lipid profile

Reduces amount of insulin needed (improves insulin sensitivity)

Reduces risk of hypoglycaemia, particularly severe hypoglycaemia

Epilepsy
Evidence

Improve growth and bone mass

Improves mental well-being

Improves psychosocial health in children

Mental Health
Evidence

Children and adolescents who participate in sporting activity can have lower symptoms of depression

Exercise can be an effective treatment option for adolescents diagnosed with depression.

Higher levels of sport and physical activity and lower levels of sedentary activity are associated with fewer symptoms of depression in the future

Physical activity can improve body image for children and adolescents

Physical activity can improve self-esteem for children and adolescents

Physical activity can reduce symptoms of anxiety for children and adolescents

Physical activity to improve school life satisfaction

Symptoms of depression are often in lower in children and adolescents who are more physically active

Obesity
Evidence

Improved biochemical markers

Improved body composition

Improved bone health

Improved cardiovascular health

Improved cognitive health

Improved mental health